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The Writing Process

THE WRITING PROCESS
 
1. Prewriting- Children brainstorm to generate ideas for writing. They use journals, pictures/drawings, charts, story webs, and graphic organizers to help develop a word list for writing. They decide the type of writing; determine the purpose for writing; and who their audience will be.
 
2. Drafting- Children put their ideas on paper. At this time, they write without major attention to spelling, punctuation, grammar, or neatness. During this step students will focus on creating introduction/conclusion, developing topic sentences, grouping ideas, and adding supporting details.
 
3. Revising (“Bulldozing”) - Children will add, delete, and/or move around information during this step. At this time they will check the sequence of events/information and look for cause/effect. During this step classmates share their rough drafts and make suggestions to each other for improvement. They help each other understand the story by asking who, what, when, where, why, and how questions. They look for better/vivid words to express ideas and discuss among themselves how to make the writing clearer.
 
4. Editing (“Raking”) - Children work with the teacher and/or peers to correct all mistakes in spelling, punctuation, and grammar. They will also check precise word choice during this step. Children produce a final copy of their writing with all corrections made from the editing stage and then discuss this final draft with the teacher. The teacher offers the last suggestions for improvement at this point.
 
5. Publishing- The writing process is finally at its end. Children publish their writing by making a copy in their neatest handwriting or using a word processor. They will give their work a title and illustrations if necessary. This is a time for students to celebrate. They may share their pieces with the class, make a class book or a personal portfolio, or send their work to local newspapers or children’s magazines for publication!